How To Start Poultry Farming in Nigeria


Poultry farming is one of the most lucrative agricultural business in Nigeria today that can make you thousands of Naira on a weekly basis especially when it is setup and managed properly.

Tons of poultry products are consumed daily, yet the demand remains unsatisfiable.

Reasons Why Should Start a poultry Farm

  1. Fast Growth

It takes approximately 28 weeks for a day old chic to be fully grown and ready for the market, even though some people sale there broilers at just 16 weeks. Knowing that it takes 21 days for a chicken’s egg to hatch and with the use of incubators it takes a lesser time.

  1. Rich Source of Protein

When it comes to white meat, chicken is the most sorts after. A vast majority of individuals favors white meat than red meat (beef). Poultry products like turkey, chicken and more feeds millions of homes on a daily.

  1. Lots of egg production

If you decide to farm layers you will realize that an average layer lays two eggs every two days depending on the season. A farm with 500 birds would produce at least 400 eggs daily. So besides selling your chickens, you can also sell eggs and make more profit.

  1. Chicken waste products

By this I am referring to the chicken poop, stool or shit depending on how you call it. A 50kg bag filled with chicken waste is sold at about 1500 Naira because it is used as a source of manure, giving you more profit.

The benefits and advantages of poultry farming far outweigh the possible disadvantages.

How does one set up a poultry farm? Steps for Starting Poultry Farming In Nigeria

  1. Have a Business Plan:

This should be the first thing in mind when considering to start-up any business. Your poultry business plan will serve as a guide helping you know what point you are in at any time. Look at your business plan like a GPS navigator it helps directs you.

  1. Get a Good Landscape/location:

The choice of location matters a lot, as it is not advisable to have a large poultry in a crowded residential area. Again the location of your poultry should be easily accessible to you. Proximity to the market. It is not advisable to build a poultry farm where the environment is very cold.

  • Constructing a structure:

Structure is very important in chicken rearing here in Nigeria. The most popular housing for poultry farming in Nigeria are Deep litter (half liter and half slats), Batter cage system.

  1. Buy Your Day old Chicks:

Ensure that you buy your chicks from a farmer who knows what it means to rear healthy chicks and that its breed are of high quality.

Chicks and Eggs

Items Needed for Poultry Farming

  • Feeders
  • Heaters or Brooders
  • Incubator
  • Chic box
  • Fly tray
  • Egg tray
  • Laying nest
  • Egg scale
  • Egg washer
  • Crates
  • Water Pots and Drinkers
  • Cages and Coops
  • Waste disposal system

Poultry farming in Nigeria has its challenges but i can also tell you that its fun. I own a small small poultry myself and i can tell you that when you embark on this business you will get to understand what works for you and what does not. Cheers.

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Daniel is a Chemical Engineering graduate, his passion for research, writing and sharing ideas led to the creation of this blog.

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