How To Start Snail Farming In Nigeria

Snail farming in Nigeria also known as heliculture is another interesting, thriving and profitable business venture that anybody can venture into with the aim of making money. Although many look down on this business opportunity because it does not look promising like in the case of poultry or pig farming. Heliculture means “rearing snail commercially or for consumption”.

Commercial snail farming business in Nigeria is very profitable and you will get your investment back within a very short period.

Why Snail Farming?

  • You don’t need to have a huge capital to start heliculture.
  • You don’t have to make an expensive pen for your snails.
  • Heliculture business requires less labor than any other livestock farming business.
  • They multiple frequently.
  • Snails require less space
  • Unemployed educated young can also make a good income and employment source through raising snail commercially.

Steps For Establishing Snail Farming In Nigeria

  • Location And Housing

Choosing Location is a very important consideration when starting Heliculture. Here are few things to note while choosing a location for snail farm:

  • Snail Farming Environment

Snails are easily dehydrated, and wind increases the rate of moisture loss in snail which in turn, leads to the dryness of the snail. To prevent snails from losing water so quickly, your snaileries (the snail house) must be located in an environment that is protected from the wind.

  • Type Of Soil For Snail Farming

Snails major habitat is the soil, and soil contains some of the components and chemical substances that it needed to survive. However, not all soils are suitable for snail rearing. Hence, the suitable soil for snail farming must be balanced, not waterlogged, not too dry, and must not be acidic, loamy soil is recommended.

  • Purchase Quality Breeds

Always try to purchase quality breeds from reputable farms or breeders. There are numerous snails’ breeds available around the world. But not all of those breeds are not suitable for farming in all areas. It is advisable to get foundation stock from reputable farms instead of buying from the market after they have been exposed to sunlight and have been dehydrated.

  • Feeding

Good feeding is a must for proper growth and maximum production. High quality feeds also helps to keep the snails healthy and productive.

  • Care And Management

Good care and management can ensure maximum profit from your heliculture business. So always try to take good care of your snails. Always try to purchase quality and productive breeds, feed them nutritious feeds. Snail farming is easy and the management practices are very simple.

Basic hygiene prevents the spread of diseases. Pens should be cleaned out regularly to remove excreta and uneaten feed, as well as any other decaying matter that may serve as host for pathogenic organisms.

  • Marketing

It is always advisable to determine your marketing strategies before starting Heliculture, because maximum profit depends on proper marketing.


Snail farming in Nigeria is a very lucrative business with the right variables in place. you do not need any form of expertise to start this business.


  Guest Post By:

Farotimi Olaoluwa is an Agripreneur, blogger and freelance writer. He blogs at the blog entails bringing farmers and intending farmers together to educate them about the latest trend in agriculture. Follow him on Facebook.



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Daniel is a Chemical Engineering graduate, his passion for research, writing and sharing ideas led to the creation of this blog.

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